During its history of almost seven decades, environmental protetcion has been a recurring theme at the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings.

Mainau Declaration 1955

1954 is the first time a Nobel Peace Laureate attends the meeting – namely Albert Schweitzer. The following year based on his suggestion, Laureates primarily with a background in nuclear research get together and adopt the Mainau Declaration 1955, in which they publicly denounce the development and use of atomic weapons.

Green Charter of Mainau Island

Already in 1961, German Federal President Lübke announces the Green Charter of Mainau Island, initiated by Count Lennart Bernadotte. It is a historic document in the early years of environmental protection in the newly founded German Federal Republic.

Environmental Protection as an International Task

Beginning in the late 1960s the topic of environmental protection gains increasing significance and Count Lennart Bernadotte makes sustainability the central theme of the 1971 meeting. Two years later in Lindau the Nobel Peace Laureate and German Chancellor Willy Brandt holds a pivotal lecture titled “Environmental Protection as an International Task”. Since then this theme has been a part of the meetings.

The Mainau Declaration 2015

On the occasion of the closing day of the 65th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting, 3 July 2015, initially 36 Nobel Laureates signed the "Mainau Declaration 2015 on Climate Change”. On 7 December 2015, the Declaration was be handed over by Nobel Laureates Serge Haroche and Claude Cohen-Tannoudji as well as Joachim Schellnhuber and Jean Jouzel to the President of the French Republic, Francois Hollande, as part of the successful COP21 climate summit in Paris. The declaration reads as follows:

We undersigned scientists, who have been awarded Nobel Prizes, have come to the shores of Lake Constance in southern Germany, to share insights with promising young researchers, who like us come from around the world. Nearly 60 years ago, here on Mainau, a similar gathering of Nobel Laureates in science issued a declaration of the dangers inherent in the newly found technology of nuclear weapons—a technology derived from advances in basic science. So far we have avoided nuclear war though the threat remains. We believe that our world today faces another threat of comparable magnitude.

Successive generations of scientists have helped create a more and more prosperous world. This prosperity has come at the cost of a rapid rise in the consumption of the world’s resources. If left unchecked, our ever-increasing demand for food, water, and energy will eventually overwhelm the Earth’s ability to satisfy humanity’s needs, and will lead to wholesale human tragedy. Already, scientists who study Earth’s climate are observing the impact of human activity.

In response to the possibility of human-induced climate change, the United Nations established the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) to provide the world’s leaders a summary of the current state of relevant scientific knowledge. While by no means perfect, we believe that the efforts that have led to the current IPCC Fifth Assessment Report represent the best source of information regarding the present state of knowledge on climate change. We say this not as experts in the field of climate change, but rather as a diverse group of scientists who have a deep respect for and understanding of the integrity of the scientific process.

Although there remains uncertainty as to the precise extent of climate change, the conclusions of the scientific community contained in the latest IPCC report are alarming, especially in the context of the identified risks of maintaining human prosperity in the face of greater than a 2°C rise in average global temperature. The report concludes that anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases are the likely cause of the current global warming of the Earth. Predictions from the range of climate models indicate that this warming will very likely increase the Earth’s temperature over the coming century by more than 2°C above its pre-industrial level unless dramatic reductions are made in anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases over the coming decades.

Based on the IPCC assessment, the world must make rapid progress towards lowering current and future greenhouse gas emissions to minimize the substantial risks of climate change. We believe that the nations of the world must take the opportunity at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris in December 2015 to take decisive action to limit future global emissions. This endeavor will require the cooperation of all nations, whether developed or developing, and must be sustained into the future in accord with updated scientific assessments. Failure to act will subject future generations of humanity to unconscionable and unacceptable risk.

Mainau Island, Germany

3 July 2015


The following Nobel Laureates have signed the Mainau Declaration on 3 July 2015 during the closing ceremony of the 65th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting on Mainau Island.

Peter Agre

J. M. Bishop

Elizabeth Blackburn

Martin Chalfie

Steven Chu

Claude Cohen-Tannoudji

James W. Cronin

Peter Doherty

Gerhard Ertl

Edmond Fischer

Walter Gilbert

Roy Glauber

David Gross

John L. Hall

Serge Haroche

Stefan Hell

Jules A. Hoffmann

Klaus von Klitzing

Harold Kroto

William Moerner

Ferid Murad

Ei-ichi Negishi

Saul Perlmutter

William Phillips

Richard Roberts

Kailash Satyarthi

Brian Schmidt

Hamilton O. Smith

George Smoot

Jack Szostak

Roger Y. Tsien

Harold Varmus

J. Robin Warren

Arieh Warshel

Torsten Wiesel

Robert Wilson

The following Nobel Laureates support the Mainau Declaration and have agreed to add their name to the list of signatories.

Hiroshi Amano

David Baltimore

Aaron Ciechanover

Elias Corey

Robert Curl

Johann Deisenhofer

Jerome I. Friedman

Sheldon Glashow

Robert Grubbs

Leland Hartwell

Dudley Herschbach

Roald Hoffmann

Wolfgang Ketterle

Walter Kohn

Yuan T. Lee

Anthony J. Leggett

Michael Levitt

John Mather

Arthur B. McDonald

Mario J. Molina

Edvard Moser

May-Britt Moser

Erwin Neher

Ryoji Noyori

Paul Nurse

John O'Keefe

Douglas Osheroff

Arno Penzias

Adam Riess

Carlo Rubbia

Oliver Smithies

Jack Steinberger

Thomas Steitz

Horst Stormer

Thomas Südhof

John Sulston

Joseph H. Taylor

Steve Weinberg

Carl Wieman

David Wineland